Information about Soaps and Detergents | Healthy Cleaning 101
High-alkalinity products saponify fats and vegetable oils into soluble soaps. These alkaline salts also neutralize acidic contaminants and aid in dispersing oils. Caustics (KOH, NaOH), the most common type of alkalinity builders, are highly alkaline (pH 12 to 14). They saponify fats and work with surfactants to disperse contaminants.